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Unit Coordinator: Dr. Bruno Gómez de Soler
The Geoarchaeology Unit research is focused on the study and description of the stratigraphic successions of archaeological sites. These sedimentary successions are dated to a recent geological age (Plio-Pleistocene), and sedimentary petrography and soil sciences derived observations are essential for its definition. Their contribution to the knowledge of the Quaternary stratigraphy is mainly based on the characterization of the lithostratigraphic units, allostratigraphic units (sequences) and edaphostratigraphy. Specific research focused in the anthropic sediments of the archaeological sites (combustion structures, tertiary deposits, primary transformations as compaction and sediments dispersion in occupational soils, etc.), and archaeostratigraphy to separate the palimpsests are also carried out. Landscape and intra-site spatial analyses are performed too.
Another research line performed by this Unit is the petrography of rocks and other geological material with the aim of establishing their geographical origins. This kind of research is based on prospecting geological territories and generating specific geological cartography, which is basic in this line of work.
Grouped under the ARCH·e system Project, the research group works for innovation and integration of methods and techniques in the archaeological fieldwork. The project is designed to mechanize and computerize all the processes related.