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The laboratory occupies an area of 100 square meters designed to perform the different interventions on conservation. The amplitude of this space allows working with small and large fossils (for instance mammoths remains). The laboratory is equipped with specific tools, machinery and illumination systems necessaries to carry out the different conservation processes.
The materials treated are mainly remains of fossil vertebrates and lithic industry but also pieces of engraving plaques with Palaeolithic art, vegetables fossils remains (wood and leaves imprints), pottery and metals.   
The conservation works consist in the documentation and diagnose of the conservation state of pieces and the cleaning and consolidation of materials with cohesion problems to facilitate the studies process and guarantee long term preservation. Other interventions are molding and casting to obtain reproductions of the fossils to use in exhibitions or to exchange with others institutions.
The Conservation Laboratory carries out research and innovation in conservation of archaeological materials to understand the deterioration processes and to apply the most effective and better treatments. Furthermore, it takes part in the education of students by official studies and practices.